أعراض الإصابة بداء السيدا "الإيدز" عند الكبار والأطفال وآخر علاجاته

?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? / ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? (????? ??? ??????? ?????? / ??: ????? ????? ??????? ?????? - HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus). ??? ???????: ????? ??????. ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????.

???? ?????? (????? HIV) ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ???? ??? ??????? (?????)? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????. ????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? (????? HIV).

???? ????? "??? ??????? ???????" (??: ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? - Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) (???????: AIDS – ??? ??????)? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????. ??? 39?5 ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????. ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????. ????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??: ???????? ?????? ????????.

????? ??????:
????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????

????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????.

 ??????? ??????? ?? ??????:

 ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??????????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????.

??? ???? ????? ?????? :

?????? ???? ????? ????? (???)
??????? ???? ?? ???????
?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????
????? ??????.   

???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? (?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????)? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????. ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?? ??? (Lymphocytes T CD4)- ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????. 

??????? ???????? ?? ??????:

?? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????.

?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ???:

?????? ?? ????? ??????? (?????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????)
?????
????? ???
?????? ???? ????? ????? (???)
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??? ????.

??????? ??????? ?? ??????:

?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ??? 10 ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????.

?? ????? 1993? ???? "????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????????" (CDC) ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????: ????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? (???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? (Antibodies) ?????? ?????? ?? ????) ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????:

???? ????? / ?????? / ???? ???????? (Opportunistic infection) - ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???????? (Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia – PCP)
????? ??????? ??????? (?????????? - Lymphocytes) ?? ??? CD4 ?? ???? ???? 200 ?? ??? – ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? 800 ? 1200.
???? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????????.

????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ????:

?????? ?????? ??????
??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? 38 ???? ????? ????? ???? ??????
?????? ????? ???? ?????
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???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????
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??? ????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???:

????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????
?????? ???? ????
??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? 38 ???? ????? ????? ???? ??????
???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????
??????? ??????
?????? ??????.

??? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? (??????? ?????? - Kaposi's Sarcoma)? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? (?????? - Lymphoma)? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????.

????? ?????? ??? ???????:

????? ?? ?????? ?????
????? ?? ?????
????? ?? ?????
????? ????? ??????
????? (Morbidity) ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???: ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? (Tonsillitis).

????? ?????? ??? ??????:

????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????? (Organisms) ??????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????????. ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???????? (??: ????? ??????? / ????? - Lymphocytes) ?? ??? CD4. ????? ??? ??????????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????. ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ???????? (??????) ????. ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????????.

?? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? CD4 ??????? ???????? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????. ????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????. ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????. ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????? CD4? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????.

????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????: ????? ??????

?? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? (HIV) ???? ???? ?????:

??? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? " ??????? ?????? ": ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? (?????) ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?????: ????? ????? ?? ????????? ???????? (?? ?????? ?? ???????). ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? (?????) ????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ???? (Condom) ???? ??? ????????? ??????.

???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ????????? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? (Rectum – ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????). ???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? (Spermicide) ?? ??? ?????????? 9 (Nonoxynol 9) ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????. ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????.

??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ????: ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? (??? ???? ??????? - Intravenous transfusion). ??? ????? 1985? ???? ?????????? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???. ??? ???? ??? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ????????.

?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????: ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ?????.

?? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????. ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?????. ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????. ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??????.

?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????: ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???. ????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ?? (1%).

?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????: ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ??? 600?000 ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?? ???? ???????. ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???.

?? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ????????? (Retroviruses).

??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????. ???? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????.

??? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ???????.

??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????: ??? ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ?????.

?????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????:

 ??? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ???: ?? ???? (????)? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???: ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ????.

?? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???:

?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????. ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? (Hetrosexual)? ??????? (Homosexual) ?? ??????? ??? (Bisexual). ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? (Condom)
?????? ????? ????? ?? ????/? ???? ????? ??????
??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???: ?????? (Syphilis)? ?????? (Herpes)? ????????? (Chlamydia)? ??? ??????? (Gonorrhea) ?? ?????? ?????? ????????
??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????
??? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? (???) CCL3L1 ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????
??????? ????????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??????.

??????? ??????:
??????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????

????? (?????? / ?????? - Infection) ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? (???????) ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????. ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ???????. ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????.

????? ????????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????.

????? / ?????? ??????? (Bacterial infections):

???????? ?????? ????????: ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ??????????.

????? ???????? ??????? (Mycobacterium avium complex – MAC): ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ????????? (Microbacteria) ????? ???????? MAC . ??? ????????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????. ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? HIV ?? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?? ??? CD4 ??? ?? ??? ??? 50? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? (???? ?????? - Bone marrow)? ????? ?? ??????.

????? ???? MAC ?????? ?? ???????? ???: ?????? ???? ????? ????? (?????)? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????????.

???? (Tuberculosis - TB): ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????. ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??????. ???? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?????.

??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????. ???????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????. ????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????. ????? ?????? ??????? ???? – ???? ??????? ?? ?????? - ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????.

??? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????. ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ????. ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???.

????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????.

??????????? (Salmonella) - ?????? ??????? : ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????????. ????? ??????: ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? (?????)? ?????????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????. ??????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??????.  ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????.

??? ????? (??? ?? ??????? ???????): ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? (Bartonella henselae) ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????. ??????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? (Kaposi's sarcoma) ??? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???????.

????? ??????? (Viral infections):

??????? ?????? ??????? (Cytomegalovirus - CMV): ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? (????? - Herpes) ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???: ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????.

?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?? ?????. ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ?????. ????? ????? CMV? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ????? (CMW retinitis). ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????.

?????? ????? ???????? (Hepatitis): ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????????: ?????? ???? ????? (??????? - jaundice)? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????. ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ??: B? A ? C.

?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? B?C ??? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???: ???? ?? ???? ????? (Cirrhosis) ?????? ?????. ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????.

?????? ?????? (Herpes Simplex Virus – HSV): ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????. ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????: ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????. ?? ????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????. ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????.

???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ??????. ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????. ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????.

????? ????? ??????? ?????? (Human papilloma virus): ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????. ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????. ??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????. ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????. ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????.

?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?????. ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ????? 2006 ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? (Vaccine) ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???????.

??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? 26 ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????????. ??? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?/?? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? "?????? ???????????" (Papanicolaou test) (??: ???? ??? ????? ???????? - Pap smear) ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ????????? ???????.

????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ????.

?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? (Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy – PML): ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????? (Human polyomavirus) ?? ??? (JCV - John cunningham virus). ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????: ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????.

??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????.

????? ????? (Fungal infections):

??? ???????? (Candidiasis): ??? ???? (??? ????? ?? ??? – Mycosis) ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????. ???? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? (??? ???? ????????)? ?????? (????? ?????? - Candida esophagitis) ?? ?? ??????. ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????.

?????? ??????? ??????????? (Cryptococcal meningitis): ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? (???? ????? ?????? ??????? - Meninges) ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????. ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? (HIV). ???? ??? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??????. ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????????.

????? ????? ??? ????????: ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? (???)? ???? (????) ?????? ??????? ????? ?????. ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????. ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????. ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ???????.

????? ?????? (Parasitic infections):

?????? ???? ????????? ???????? (PCP - Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia): ??? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??? PCP? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????. ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????. ??? ??? ??????? ????: ?????? ????????? ?????? ???? ??????? (?????).

??? ???????? (Toxoplasmosis): ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ???????? (??: ???????? - Toxoplasma gondii). ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????. ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????. ????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???????.

??? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ????????. ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? (Encephalitis). ????? ??????: ??????? ?????? (??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? - Spatial disorientation)? ???????? (Convulsios) ??????? ?? ????? ???????.

??? ????? ??????? (Cryptosporidiosis): ???? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????????? ????????. ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????????. ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ???????? ????????? (????? ??????? - Biliary ducts)? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??.

??????? (Cancer):

??????? (???) ?????? (Kaposi's sarcoma): ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????. ??????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??????. ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????. ????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ????????.

??? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???????. ????????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ??.

?????? ??????????? (Non - Hodgkin's lymphoma): ???? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? (??????? ???????)? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???????. ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????? (???? ????? - Bone marrow)? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????. ????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?????. ????? ??????? ???????: ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?????  ?? ?? ??????? (Groin).

??????? ????:

???? ????? (??????? ?????? - Wasting Syndrome): ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??????. ????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?? 10% ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?????.

??????? ?????: ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ???: ????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????. ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? (Dementia)? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????. ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ????????.

????? ??????:
????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????

??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????. ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ????????? (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - CDC) ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??? 13 ? 64 ????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????????.

???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????.

?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????. ????? ????? ????? ??? 12 ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?????.

???????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? :

 ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? - ????? (Enzyme - linked immunosorbent assay - ELISA) ????????? ?????? ??????? (Western Blot Test)

???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? "?????"? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????. ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????. ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? (?? ????? ???????)? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? "?????? ?????? ???????" (Western Blot Test)? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? (HIV) ?? ????.

????? "?????? ?????? ???????" ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? "?????" ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ??????.

??? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????.

??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????.

?????? ?????:

?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? 20 ?????. ????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ????.

????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????. ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???????.

????? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ?? ????.

?????? ?????:

????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????? (FDA)? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??????. ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????  (Home Access HIV - 1 Test) ???? ???? (Home Access Health). ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ???????. ????? ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???. ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?????.

??? ??????? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? (Code number) ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????. ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????????.

???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????/? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????.

?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? (??????? ?????????).

??? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????????? ????????.

??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????.

???? ??????:

??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? 80 ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? / ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??. ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? (HIV)? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??. ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ??????.

???? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? (National Institutes of Health - NIH) ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? 1989 ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? (Life expectancy) ?????. ??? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???. ?????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? 20 ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???. ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????.

??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ??????:

???? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????????. ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????????.

 AIDSinfo - ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????. ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????. ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? "???????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ????????" (Highly active antiretroviral therapy - HAART).

????? ?? ?????? (HAART) ?? ????? ???? ????????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??????. ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???.

??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????.

?? ??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? (HIV) ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??. ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????.

????? ????? ????????? ???????? (Anti - retroviral drugs):

???? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? (HIV) ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????. ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????:

?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? (Nucleoside analog reverse - transcriptase inhibitors - NARTIs or NRTIs)
?????? ????????? (Proteaseinhibitors - PIs)
?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????????? (Non - nucleosidereverse - transcriptase inhibitors - NNRTIs)
?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? (Nucleosidereverse - transcriptase inhibitors - NtRTIs)
?????? ???????? (Fusion inhibitors)
?????? ??????? ?????? (?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? - Integrase inhibitos)
Chemokine co - receptor inhibitors.

????????? ????? ?????? :

 ???? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? "????? ????????" (Viral load - ???? ????????? ?? ????) ??? ??????. ??? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ????.

??? ????? ????? ?????? :

?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????? HIV ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ????????.

??????? ?? ??????
??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????
?? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??????. ??? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???: ????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????? ????.

??????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????:

??????? ??????? ?????? ???????:
????? ????? ??????/? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????
????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? (Condom) ??? ????? ????? ?????
??? ???????? ?????? (??????)
????? ??????? ???? ?????
?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????
????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????
???????? ?? ??????????.
??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? (HIV) ?? ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????:

????? ?????? ????? ????? (?????? ??????) ???
????? ????? ??????/? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????
??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????
????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???????
???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????????
???????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ????????
???????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????
?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ????.

* ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????.

التعديل الأخير تم: 05/10/2016

  • 2 votes. Average: 5 / 5.

Comments

  • DavidRasse

    1 DavidRasse On 23/11/2017

    Some people, especially those running on busy daily schedules tend to use the pills to help maintain weight since they can not afford to follow all the diet programs. This is not advised. It is recommended that one seek advice from a professional in this field before using the pills. This can save one from many dangers associated with the misuse.

    The diet pills should always be taken whole. Some people tend to divide the pills to serve a longer period of time. This is not advised and can lead to ineffectiveness. If it is required that one takes a complete tablet, it means that a certain amount of the ingredients are required to achieve the desired goal. It is also recommended that one does not crush the pill and dissolve it in beverages. Chemicals found in beverages have the potential of neutralizing the desired nutrients in the pill thereby leading to ineffectiveness. The best way to take the tablets is swallowing them whole with a glass of water.

    The diet pills speed up the metabolic processes. This is the key factor that leads to the burning of all the fats in the body. This means that one passes out lots of urine, which subsequently leads to dehydration. It is imperative that the user take lots of water round the clock. This will help curb dehydration, which can lead to health problems. In addition to that, water offers the required medium for the function of the nutrients and elimination of the fats.

    When buying the review of diet pills, it is imperative that one gets the most recommended dose. People tend to compromise the quality and effectiveness of the tablets due to the variation in cost. The low priced pills depict poor quality, which means their effectiveness is not reliable. Some have also been found to cause health problems. The dose should also be taken as recommended. Over dose will not speed up the process but rather lead to complication. This will increase risk of side effects. If the taking of the pill is forgotten, do not take more to compensate for the lost time.

    The diet plan enclosed with the diet pills has also to be followed. According to the requirements, the termination of the diet must be done even with no results. This means your body is irresponsive.

إضافة تعليق

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