أسباب مرض النكاف وعلاجه والوقاية منه

????? ???????? (Mumps) ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? Salivary glands  ????? ?? ????? ??????? Parotid glands ???????? ??? ????? ?????.

???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????. ???? ?? ???, ?? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????.

* ????? ??????:

?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? (??????????), ??? ?? ?????, ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?? ????????. ??? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ???????.

???? ??????? (?????? ???????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ??????) ???? ???? ??? ??? 16- 18 ????, ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??? 25 ????. ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???????  ???? 5 - 9 ???? ??? ????? ???? ???????.

* ????? ?????? ??? ??????:

????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????, ?????, ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???????.

* ??????? ??????:

????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ????????? ????? ??????. ??? ???? ?????????:

?????? ?????? (Encephalitis) ???????? ???? ????? (?????? ??????? - Meningitis)
?????? ???????? (??? ??????) ?? ?????? ???????? (??? ??????). ?? ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????. ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????.
????? ?????
?????? ?????????
???????: ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????.
???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????.

??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??????, ???? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???????, ??? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???????. ???? ??? ???, ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????.

* ????? ??????:

??? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????, ???????? ????????? ?? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?????, ???? ???? ?? ????????.

??? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????????? / ?????  (Enzyme  - linked immunosorbent assay – ELISA/ EIA)? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? (????? - Antibodies) ?? ?????? (???? ???? - Antigen) ?? ??????, ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ???.

?? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? (C ulture) ???????, ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????, ?? ??????, ?? ?? ?????? ??????? (Cerebrospinal fluid), ???????? ?????? ??????? ????????? (Lumbar puncture). ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???.

* ???? ??????:

????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???????. ??? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????????.

* ??????? ?? ??????:

???????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ???, ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? - ?????? - ?????? ????????? / ???????? (MMR vaccine - immunization shot against measles, mumps and rubella).

?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? / ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????: ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? 12 - 15 ????, ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? 4 - 6 ?????. ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??????, ??????, ?????? ????????? / ???????? ??? ?????? (???? ????? - Varicella)? ????.

???? ??? ?????? ?? "?????? ???????" ??? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? - ?????? - ?????? ????????? / ???????? (MMR vaccine) ?? ??????? ???.

???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??????, ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????, ??? ???????.

* ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????.

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التعديل الأخير تم: 07/01/2017

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