تعريف مرض الاكتئاب وعلاجه الطبي والطبيعي

???????? (Depression) ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????. ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???. ????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? (Severe depression disorder)? ?? ???????? ??????? (?????????? - Clinical depression).

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?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? (Diabetes) ?? ?? ??? ??? ???? (Hypertension).

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???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? 25 ??? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? 70 ???. ??? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????. ??? ???? ????? ????? "??????" ???? ???? ?? ????? "????? ?????"? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ????.

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??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????????. ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????????? (?????????? – ??????????)? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????????? ?? ?????:

????? ???????????: ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????? (?????) ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????. ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ????????. ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? "?????? ?????" (Neurotransmitter) ???? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????????. ??? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????????.
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???????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????. ??? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ????????.

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??? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????????. ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ???????.

???? ??? ???????? ???? ???:
????? ???????? (??????)
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????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ???????.

????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????:

?????? ??????? (Adjustment Disorder): ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??????. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????.
???????? ?? ????????? (??: ???????? ????? ????? - Bipolar disorder? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?????: ?????? ?????? ????????? - Manic Depressive Psychosis): ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????.
?????? ?????? (?????? ?????? ?????? - Cyclothymia): ??? ????? ?????? ???????.
???????? ?????? (??: ??? ?????? – Dysthymia): ?? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????????.
?????? ?? ??? ??????? (Postpartum depression): ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????. ??? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???????.
???????? ??????? (Psychotic depression): ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? (Hallucination).
???????? ??????? ??????? (Schizoaffective disorder): ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? (???????? ?????? - Schizophrenia) ????????? ?????? (Mood disorders).
?????? ??????: ??? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????.
????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???????.

???? ????????:

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???????? ?????????
???????? ???????? ??????? (???????? ??????? ?????????? - Electroconvulsive treatment Electroshock treatment - ECT)
??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????:

??????? (???????) ???????

?????? ????? ??????:

??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????. ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???????.

?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????????. ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? (?? ???????) ?? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????.

??? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ????????.

???? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????????:

????? ????? ????????:

?????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ????????. ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????.

?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???? ???????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????.

????? ???? ????????:
???????? ???????? ?????: ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? (Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors - SSRI)
???????? ???????? ??????: ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? (TCA - Tricyclic antidepressants)
???????? ???????? ??????: ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? (Monoamine oxidase inhibitor - MAOI).

??????? ???????? ?????? ????????:
?? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????. ??????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ??????. ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????. ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ????????.

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?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???. ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??. ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? - ?????????.

?? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ????????

??? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????.

?????? ?? ????????:

?? ???? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? (?????? ??? ???????? - Hospitalization) ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????.

??? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ???????. ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????.

??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???.

??????? ?? ????????:
??? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????????. ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?????.

???? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????????.

?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????????.

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???????? ??????? ????????:

??? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? - ?????.

???? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ????????:

???? ????? ?? ???? ????? (???????? ??????????? ?????? -  Hypericum Perforatum) ????????? ???? ???? "???? ???? ????" ?? "???? ???? ????" (st. Johns wort).
???????? ??????? (S - Adenosyl methionine / SAM, SAMe, SAM - e)
????? ????? ?????? 3.
?????? ????? - ????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? 
????? ?????? ???????
??????
?????? (Meditation)
?????? ??????
?????? ????????.

* ?????: ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???????.

* ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????.

التعديل الأخير تم: 13/09/2016

  • 4 votes. Average: 3.5 / 5.

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