تعريف البواسير وأمراضها وأعراضها وأسبابها والوقاية منها وعلاجها

????? ???????? (Hemorrhoids) ?? ????? ????? ??????? (??????) ?? ???? ????? (Anus) ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? (Rectum). ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????.

??? ????????:
??? ??????? ??????? ???. ???? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????.

???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????. ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????.

????? ????????:
????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ???????
?????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???????. ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ???????
????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?????
????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????
???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????
?????? (???) ??? ?????? ???????
???? ???? ?? ???? ????????? ????? ???? ?????
???? (??????) ??????.

* ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????? (Hemorrhoids):

???????? ????????:

????? ???????? ???????? ???? ????????. ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????. ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ?????. ??????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????. ??? ???? "???????? ???????" ?? "???????? ???????"? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? (??????).
???????? ????????: ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????. ??? ??? ????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ??? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? / ???? (???? ?? ?????? - Thrombus) ???? ???? ?????? ??????? (?????) ????????.


????? ?????? ??? ????????:
???? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????. ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????????.

??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???????:

????? ????? ??? ???????
?????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??? ???????
??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????
????? ??????
?????
?????? ????? ??????
???????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ???? ?????. ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????.

??????? ????????:
???? ??????? ?? ??? ????. ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????:
??? ???? (Anemia): ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????.
???????? ????????: ???? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? (Necrosis) ?? ????? ??????.

????? ????????:
?????? ???? ???????? ?????? (Proctologist) ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ???. ??? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????????.

???? ???? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? (Anuscope)? ????? ???????? (Proctoscope) ?? ????? ?????? (Sigmoidoscope). ??? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????????.

????? ??? ????????:
?? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? (Colonoscope).

???? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? (Colonoscopy) ?? ??????? ???????:

??????? ????????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? (Digestive System)
?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (????? ???????)
????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ???????.

???? ????????:
????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ?????:

???? ??????????????? (conservative treatment):
??? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????? (irritation)? ????? (pruritus) ??????? (thrombosis).

????? ????? ???? ???????? ????????
???????? ???????
?????? ???????????????
????? ??? ????? ???????
????????? ??????
????????? ????? topical Nifedipine (???? ???? ?????? ?????????)
???? ?????????????? (???? ???? ????????)

???? ???????? ??????:

?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????????.

?????? ??????:
???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? (invasive) ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??????. ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???? 72 ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????.

?? ????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??????.

?????? ??????:
??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ????. ???? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????.

???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????. ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????????:

????? ?????? ????
??????? – ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? (Infrared)
??????? – ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????
????? ????? ????? ????? (Bipolar diathermy)
????? – ???????? ???????? (Sclerotherapy)
????? ????? (Cryosurgery)

?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????:

??? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????. ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ?????:

????? ??????? ??????? ??????
????? ??????? ??????? ???????
????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????
????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? (?????)
????? ??? ?????? ??????? (lateral internal sphincterotomy).

??????? ?? ????????:

??????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????????
??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????.

?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ???????? ???????:

????? ????? ???? ???????? ????????
??????? ?? ??? ???????
??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? (Food additives)
???????? ?? ??? ????? ???
?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? (??? ??? ??????)
?????? ???????
???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????

* ????? ??? ???: ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????.

* ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????.

التعديل الأخير تم: 03/10/2016

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