كل ما يتعلق بأمراض الحساسية.. أنواعها، علاجها والوقاية منها

????? ???????? (??????? – Allergie / Allergy) ??? ??? ???? ??????? (Immune system) ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????.

????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? (??: ????? ?????? - Antibody .IgE). ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????. ????? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???????? (???????) ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? (?????? ???????? ???? ???? ???????? - Allergen) ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????????? (Histamine) ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????????.

?? ???? ???????? (???????) ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????. ?????? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? (Stimulation) ?????? ???? ????? (Anaphylaxis)? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????. ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????????.

????? ????????:

????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? (Atopic Dermatitis)? ???????? ???? ???? ???????? (Eczema).

?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???. ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??????. ???? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ?????. ??? ???? ????? ?? ????  ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????. ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?????. ????? ??? ??????? ??????? (Anaphylaxis – ??? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ????????? / ??????? ???????).

??? ????? (??: ??? ???? - Hay Fever)? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? (Allergic rhinitis)? ???? ?? ????:

?????? ?????? ?????
????? ?????
??????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? (?????? ???????? - Conjunctivitis).
?????? ????? ??????? (Atopic Dermatitis)? ???????? ???? ???? ???????? (Eczema)? ?? ????:

????? ?? ?????
?????? ?????
???? ?????.

???????? ???????? (Food Allergy) ?? ????:

?????? ??????? ?? ????
???? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????
????? (Urticaria)
?????.

???????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? :

?????? ?? ????? ????? (???? – Edema) ??? ???? ??????
????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????
??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? (Shortness of breath)
?????.

???????? ???????? (Drug Allergy) ?? ????:

?????
?????
????? ??????
?????? ?? ?????
??????? ??????? ??? ??????
?????.
?????? (Anaphylaxis)

??? ????? ????????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????. ???? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? (Shock).

?????? ?????? ????? ????:

?????? (??: ????? ????? – Syncope)
??????
??? ????? ?????
??????? ?????? ???????
????? ??????
??????? (Nausea) ?????? (Emesis / Vomiting)
?????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????.
?? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? (?????)? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????.

??? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??????????? (Adrenaline – ???? ???? ????: ????????? - Epinephrine) ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????. ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????  ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????.

??? ??????? ????????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ???????:

????? ????? ????? (Family History) ?? ???????? ?? ????? (Asthma). ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ???: ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????????.
??????? - ??? ????? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????????. ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ????. ??? ???? ,?? ???? ?? ???????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????????.

???? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????????? - ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ????.

??????? ????????:

???? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????:

????? - ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????? ???????.
???????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ????????.

????? - ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? – ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? - ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?????????. ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? (??? ???? ?? ????????).

?????? ????? ??????? (????????)? ?????? ?????? (Sinusitis) ????????? ????? ?? ??????? – ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? (??? ????)? ?? ???????? ????????? ?? ?? ???????? ????? (Mold).

?????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? – ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????? (Fungal Sinusitis) ???? ????????? (Aspergillosis)? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????.

????? ????????:

????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ??????:

???? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ????????
???? ???? ???????
???? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????.

??? ??? ???? ???????? ????????? ??? ???? ??????:

?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????
???????? ?? ????? ????? ?????  (???? ????? ???????? – Elimination Diet) ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????????.
??? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????????:

???????????: ?? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? (Allergen) ???????. ??? ???? ???????? ??????, ???? ???? ???? (???) ?? ???? ????????. ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ???????.

??? ????: ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??? " ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????" (Radioallergosorbent test) - ?????? (RAST ????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????? (??????) ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? "?????????? ??????? ??" (ImmunoglobulinE - IgE). ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???? (??????) ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? (????????) ?????.

???? ????????:
???? ???????? ????:
???? ??????????
??????? ????? ?????? ???????
????? ???? ?????
??????? ??????????? (?????????) ?? ????? ???????.

??????? ?? ????????:

????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ????????. ??? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???????? ???????:

???? ?????????? ??????? - ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????? ????: ?????????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????, ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ???????. ???? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????.

??? ???? ????? ??? - ??????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ????????.

???? ??????? ????????? ???????:

????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????????.

???? ???????? ?? ???? (???????) ??????? - (Herbal remedies) ????????? ???????? (Food additives) ????: ?????? (Butterbur)? ??????? (Calendula)? ??????? (Choline)? ????? ?????? (??: ????? ????????? - Golden Seal)? ?????? (Nettle)? ????????? (??: ?? ????? – Belladona) ??????????? (Bromelain – ???????? ?? ????????). ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????: ??????????? (Probiotics - ?????? ??? ????? / ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????)? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????.

* ?? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???!

* ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??? ???????.

التعديل الأخير تم: 05/10/2016

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